Thursday, March 4, 2021
A “preventive war” is a war undertaken proactively against a merely potential enemy, who has neither initiated hostilities nor shown any sign of intending imminently to do so. The Japanese attack on the United States at Pearl Harbor is a famous example. This is not to be confused with a “preemptive war,” which involves a proactive attack on an enemy who has shown signs of intending to initiate hostilities. The Arab-Israeli Six-Day War is a standard example.
Thursday, February 25, 2021
Sunday, February 21, 2021
Fr. John Naugle’s Spiked on . The BBC on . A new study finds that the more severe lockdowns ..
At PREVIEWSworld, Mark Judge on , at First Things. his gargantuan new book .
Richard Marshall at 3:16.
Friday, February 12, 2021
knowledge, as modern philosophers use the term, is knowledge that can be gained independently of sensory experience. Knowledge of mathematical and logical truths – 2 + 2 = 4, ~ (p • ~ p), etc. – provide the stock examples. Anselm’s ontological argument contrasts with arguments like Aquinas’s Five Ways by trying to reason to God’s existence in a manner that is a priori in this sense. Aquinas begins with empirical premises (about the reality of change, the existence of causal chains in nature, etc.) and reasons to God as the cause of the facts described in the premises. Anselm’s argument, by contrast, begins with a definition of God as the greatest conceivable being and an axiom to the effect that what exists in reality is greater than what exists in thought alone, and reasons to God’s existence as the logical implication of these a priori premises.
Saturday, February 6, 2021
religion, n. 1. the sum of truths and duties binding man to God. 2. personal belief and worship in relation to God. Religion includes creed, cult, and code.
By “creed,” what Wuellner has in mind is a system of doctrine. A “cult,” in this context, has to do with a system of rituals of the kind associated with worship and the like. The “code” referred to has to do with a system of moral principles. So, the definition is telling us that doctrines, rituals, and moral principles are among the key elements of religion.
Sunday, January 31, 2021
Monday, January 25, 2021
Thursday, January 21, 2021
Friday, January 15, 2021
McGinn characterizes the issue as:
the question [of] …what it is for something to have being. What does existence itself consist in – what is its nature? When something exists, what exactly is true of it? What kind of condition is existence? How does an existent thing differ from a nonexistent thing? (p. 211)